Quick Answer: What Is A Person Before The Law?

Why equality before law is a negative concept?

Equality before the law is a somewhat negative concept in the sense that it denies the State to discriminate between individuals, on arbitrary basis.

It implies the absence of any special privilege due to birth, creed or the like, in favour of any individual and the equal subjection of all classes to the ordinary law..

How many fundamental rights do we have?

Seven fundamental rightsSeven fundamental rights were originally provided by the Constitution – the right to equality, right to freedom, right against exploitation, right to freedom of religion, cultural and educational rights, right to property and right to constitutional remedies.

Should everyone have the same rights?

You are worth the same, and have the same rights as anyone else. You are born with the ability to think and to know right from wrong, and should act toward others in a spirit of friendliness. Everyone should have all of the rights and freedoms in this statement, no matter what race, sex, or color he or she may be.

What can one person do to defend human rights?

1. Spread the word on social2) Raise funds for Human Rights. Fundraising events are an excellent way to defend human rights in your community. … 3) Volunteer. … 4) Send a letter or an email. … 5) Start a conversation.

How many articles are there in right to equality?

There are six fundamental rights recognised by the Indian constitution: Right to equality (Articles. 14-18)

Is law equal to all?

Yes, all laws are equal for all citizens in India irrespective of caste, religion, sex, blood and creed. For instance- The Constitution of India, IPC, Cr. PC, CPC, etc. However, there are certain personal laws which are applicable to the persons of such religion.

What are the rights of equality?

Right to equality is one of the six fundamental rights in the Indian constitution. It includes equality before law, prohibition of discrimination on grounds of race, religion, gender, and caste or birth place. It also includes equality of opportunity in matters of employment, abolition of untouchability and titles.

What are the two exceptions to the right to equality?

There are two such exceptions mentioned in the constitution: Right against social discrimination: The constitution strictly forbids the practice of untouchability in any form. Such practice denies the socially weaker section of the society an interaction with others or access to public places as equal citizens.

Are there some exceptions to the right to equality?

Exceptions to the right to equality are: According to the right to equality, the state should make special provisions for women and children, people of scheduled castes and tribes. According to the right to equality, the state cannot discriminate against any citizen in the matter of employment.

What are the main features of equality?

Thus Equality stands for 3 Basic Features: (a) Absence of special privileges in society. (b) Presence of adequate and equal opportunities for development for all. (c) Equal satisfaction of basic needs of all.

What are the 10 basic human rights?

International Bill of RightsThe right to equality and freedom from discrimination.The right to life, liberty, and personal security.Freedom from torture and degrading treatment.The right to equality before the law.The right to a fair trial.The right to privacy.Freedom of belief and religion.Freedom of opinion.

Is every citizen treated equally by law explain with the help of recent example?

Yes every citizens should be treated equally by the law because in our constitution there is fundamental right, right to equality. So there should be no partiality among citizens.

What are the four principles of equality?

From the fourth principle onward, i.e., starting with the presumption of equality, this article is mainly concerned with distributive justice and the evaluation of distribution.2.1 Formal Equality. … 2.2 Proportional Equality. … 2.3 Moral Equality. … 2.4 Presumption of Equality.

What are rights to freedom?

The right to freedom gives citizens basic freedom with respect to speech and expression, form associations, freedom of personal liberty, freedom to live a life of dignity, etc. …

Why is equality before the law important?

Equality before the law is that an individual, regardless of their status in society, can challenge a law which is unconstitutional or otherwise invalid under Australian law to the highest court in the land. Equality before the law includes being able to challenge the decision of a government agency on equal footing.

Is there equality before the law?

Article 7 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights states that “All are equal before the law and are entitled without any discrimination to equal protection of the law.” Thus, everyone must be treated equally under the law regardless of characteristics such as race, gender, ethnicity, religion, or disability.

Is everyone equal before the law?

Every person has the right to recognition as a person before the law. Every person has the right to enjoy the person’s human rights without discrimination. Every person is equal before the law and is entitled to the equal protection of the law without discrimination.

What is right to equality before the law?

Article 14 of the constitution states that: “The State shall not deny to any person equality before the law or the equal protection of the laws within the territory of India.” This means that every person, who lives within territory of India, has the equal right before the law. That equals will be treated equally.

Is equality a human right?

The general principle of equality and non-discrimination is a fundamental element of international human rights law.

What does person before the law mean?

Equality before the law, also known as equality under the law, equality in the eyes of the law, legal equality, or legal egalitarianism, is the principle that each independent being must be treated equally by the law (principle of isonomy) and that all are subject to the same laws of justice (due process).

Why is being equal important?

Equality is about ensuring that every individual has an equal opportunity to make the most of their lives and talents. It is also the belief that no one should have poorer life chances because of the way they were born, where they come from, what they believe, or whether they have a disability.

What are the 30 human rights?

This simplified version of the 30 Articles of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights has been created especially for young people.We Are All Born Free & Equal. … Don’t Discriminate. … The Right to Life. … No Slavery. … No Torture. … You Have Rights No Matter Where You Go. … We’re All Equal Before the Law.More items…

What are some examples of equal rights?

They’re guarantees of equal social opportunities and protection under the law, regardless of race, religion, or other characteristics. Examples are the rights to vote, to a fair trial, to government services, and to a public education.