What Causes A Small Head?

Does a small head always mean microcephaly?

Microcephaly is a birth defect in which a baby’s head is smaller than expected, compared to babies of the same sex and age.

Babies with mild microcephaly often don’t have problems other than small head size..

Should I be worried if baby has small head?

Chances are your doctor will detect microcephaly at the baby’s birth or at a regular well-baby checkup. However, if you think your baby’s head is smaller than normal or isn’t growing as it should, talk to your doctor.

What if baby’s head is small?

If your baby’s brain isn’t growing properly, they may have a condition known as microcephaly. Microcephaly is a condition in which your baby’s head is smaller than those of other children of the same age and sex. This condition may be present when your baby is born.

Why is my head smaller than normal?

The growth of the skull is determined by brain growth. Brain growth takes place while a baby is in the womb and during infancy. Conditions that affect brain growth can cause smaller than normal head size. These include infections, genetic disorders, and severe malnutrition.

What head size is normal?

AdultWomanManCircumference (in.)21–2322–24(cm.)53–58.556–61

Can babies have small heads normal?

Microcephaly is a condition where a baby’s head is much smaller than normal. It is most often present at birth (congenital). Most children with microcephaly also have a small brain and an intellectual disability. Some children with small heads have normal intelligence.

When should I be concerned about my baby’s head size?

For a doctor to diagnose macrocephaly, the measurement of the head around its widest part needs to be larger than the 98th percentile. Macrocephaly may sometimes be a sign of an underlying condition that requires treatment. In other cases, it may occur due to genetics, including a family history of macrocephaly.

At what age is microcephaly diagnosed?

Diagnosis. Early diagnosis of microcephaly can sometimes be made by fetal ultrasound. Ultrasounds have the best diagnosis possibility if they are made at the end of the second trimester, around 28 weeks, or in the third trimester of pregnancy. Often diagnosis is made at birth or at a later stage.

What is the life expectancy of someone with microcephaly?

There is no standard life expectancy for microcephalic babies because outcomes depend on so many factors, and the severity of the condition can range from mild to severe. Babies with mild microcephaly may still meet the same milestones like speaking, sitting and walking as a child without the disorder.

How can I help my baby’s head grow?

IF YOUR NEWBORN COULD TALK, HERE’S WHAT THEY’D ASK YOU FOR TO HELP BUILD THEIR GROWING BRAINS:Protection from multiple, jumbled noises.Low lights when awake.Skin-on-skin time.Progressively complex high-contrast images.Help to stretch out from the womb position.Tummy time.The sound of your voice.More items…

What does small head size indicate?

Microcephaly is a medical condition in which the circumference of the head is smaller than normal because the brain has not developed properly or has stopped growing. Microcephaly can be present at birth or it may develop in the first few years of life.